rn Please consult your physician before taking any medication. Brand name: Cipro (Spanish name, Ciprofloxon) Generic name: Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride Why is Cipro prescribed? Cipro is an antibiotic used to treat infections of the lower respiratory tract, the abdomen, the skin, the bones and joints, and the urinary tract, including cystitis (bladder inflammation) in women. It is also prescribed for severe sinus or bronchial infections, infectious diarrhea, typhoid fever, inhalational anthrax, infections of the prostate gland, and some sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea. Additionally, some doctors prescribe Cipro for certain serious ear infections, tuberculosis, and some of the infections common in people with AIDS. Cipro may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.